PCM - Société africaine : une approche du politique, des cultures motrices et des cultures matérielles
Publication originale : Société africaine : une approche du politique, des (...)

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African Society: A Look into Policy, Motricity Cultures, and Material Cultures




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African Society: A Look into Policy, Motricity Cultures, and Material Cultures
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Title Description Length
 International University Background of Jean-Pierre Warnier  Jean-Pierre Warnier briefly discusses his academic background in anthropology. He explains the importance of giving his studies an international dimension. He talks about the doctoral fellowship he was granted to study at the University of Pennsylvania in the United States and how his decision to do fieldwork in Africa led him into Cameroon.  00:06:09
 Reflections on an Academic Career  Jean-Pierre Warnier takes us through the different stages in his professional background, from the time he finished his studies until his retirement. He talks about his experience in teaching and academic administration in Nigeria and France.  00:05:25
 Origins of a Thesis Among the Mankons  Jean-Pierre Warnier puts the Mankon Kingdom in context while giving a biography of the king and discussing his various competencies in the fields of agriculture, politics, and business. Jean-Pierre Warnier turns to Mauss’ concept of assimilation to explain the phenomenon of reciprocity between the Mankon Kingdom and its external environment. He highlights the cultural elements in the Mankon Kingdom that explain why the king accepted to welcome a foreign student into his kingdom.  00:09:13
 Social Anthropology and the Concept of “Trading Network”  Jean-Pierre Warnier briefly explains the influence of British social anthropology on political anthropology.  00:04:22
 Social Anthropology and the Concept of Material Culture  Jean-Pierre Warnier discusses the relationship between regional trading systems and the construction of a community’s political history. He puts the accent on the concept of the Mankon Kingdom’s trading networks with the outside world and explains the role played by trading/bartering in Africa’s highland region in the construction of regional political history. This leads him to the notion of regional geopolitics as a basis for explaining the link between political history and economic history in Africa’s highlands region. He then explains how a community’s material culture gives rise to its historical construction via a comparison with objects from external cultures.  00:06:43
 The "Matière à Penser" Group  Jean-Pierre Warnier briefly explains the origin and the objective of the research group called “Matière à Penser” (Food for Thought). He discusses the group’s work in the field of material culture and presents a few publications.  00:03:46
 Origin of the Material Culture Concept: Accumulation and the "Living Piggybank"  Jean-Pierre Warnier returns to the origins of the material culture by using the concept of the local trajectories of Africa’s politics and accumulation. Jean-Pierre Warnier then further explicates the idea of accumulation by explaining the significance of the tirelire vitale du sang (living piggybank of blood), which he defines as the accumulation of blood though the representation of the king.  00:06:52
 King-Pot and his three bodies  Jean-Pierre Warnier explains that the Mankon Kingdom operates according to a system of receptacles represented by the sacred king. He illustrates his argument by presenting a unique royal act: spraying, by which the king infuses the vulgum pecus with elements contained in the receptacles of his body. He thus shows that the kingdom operates according to a system of receptacles that is characterized by the king’s body broken down into corporal and incorporeal elements. Lastly, he explains that the king’s body is composed of the physical body and its receptacles, the body of the palace, and the body of the city. He concludes by explaining how the substances contained in his body feed his different bodies.  00:05:54
 The Various Approaches to Material Culture  Jean-Pierre Warnier discusses how he analyzes material culture via an approach based on the “sign.” He explains how he then oriented it towards an approach using the praxis value, and more specifically the relationship to the body. Jean-Pierre Warnier then returns to the “Matière à Penser” group and specifies that this group was born out of collaboration between three students working on an ethnological study carried out for an inter-professional union of timber professionals.  00:04:34
 Sensori-motricity Culture and Political Organization  Jean-Pierre Warnier discusses the link between discursive knowledge and procedural knowledge. He resituates these two concepts in the context of governmentality elaborated by Michel Foucault and shows the link with the notion of sensori-motricity culture. Jean-Pierre Warnier applies these notions to the Mankon Kingdom in order to explain how the Kingdom’s inhabitants are fabricated like receptacles. He concludes that sensori-motricity and material culture - unlike ethnologists’ viewpoints which, according to Alain Bertoz, overlook the body too much -are linked to sensori-motricity cultures and political systems.  00:05:54
 Biopower and Governmentality  Jean-Pierre Warnier cites Michel Foucault in explaining the concept of biopower and its impacts on the professional life of citizens.  00:02:51
 Role of Psychoanalysis in Ethnographic Research  Jean-Pierre Warnier explains how psychoanalysis can be a tool for understanding certain aspects of ethnology in that it gives an affective meaning to the practices and rituals observed by the ethnologist.  00:04:33
 Ethnology: Investigation Methodology in Anxiogenous Fieldwork  Jean-Pierre Warnier discusses the different methodological approaches available to the researcher when performing anxiogenous fieldwork. Using Georges Devereux as a reference point, he explains that fieldwork anxiety is a dynamic element that can actually help the researcher to build his methodology via an inter-subjective relationship with others.  00:04:51
 Fieldwork and Ethnological Investigation: the Analytical Point of View  Jean-Pierre Warnier discusses his stance on the differences between sociology and ethnology, and explains how sociology lacks the long-term fieldwork practiced in ethnology.  00:03:57
 Reflexive Ethnology and Ethnological Writing  Jean-Pierre Warnier first explains that the use of the word “we” in ethnological writing comes from the Weberian approach to axiological neutrality. He states his position in favor of using the first person singular -“I” - following the school of reflexive ethnology, which entails describing data, situations, and the circumstances of the researcher’s fieldwork observations.  00:03:26
 Ethnology: A Discipline of its Own  Jean-Pierre Warnier defends ethnology by demonstrating how it is different from anthropology. He defines ethnology as a science that produces sound knowledge stemming from realities generated by long-term fieldwork.  00:03:40
 Return to the Source of Information  Jean-Pierre Warnier contextualizes his exchanges with the Mankon Kingdom and explains that this relationship of reciprocity is based on a system of giving and counter-giving. As an example, he explains the difference between his thesis work on Mankon royalty, which sought to reconstitute a long-term genealogy, and this thesis, which attempts to reconstruct a partial genealogy based on chronology that uses the royal sepulcher and royal lineages. In doing so, he highlights the paradox between the work in an outdated thesis and hardly publishable as is, and the royalty’s desire to be able to read the “tale of the palace.” In order to play a part in this relationship of reciprocity, he explains that his thesis was published as a collection of raw data and that he regularly gives documents and publications to the Mankon Museum and the Cameroonian archives. He goes on to highlight the current phenomenon of modernization occurring in these kingdoms and cites the photo taken of King Mankon and Cameroon’s President Paul Biya.  00:07:25
 Bibliography of Jean-Pierre Warnier  Jean-Pierre Warnier presents some of his publications.  00:08:00
 Semiology’s Place in Current Society  Jean-Pierre Warnier points out that object semiology is used by private companies who hire object semiologists to work with their creative teams. He defines object semiology as an approach that considers the object as a sign. He specifies that the object and the body differ in their respective representations. He concludes by making reference to the cognitive sciences, the notions of situated knowledge, distributed intelligence, procedural knowledge, and perception to show the body’s relationship to the object. Enfin, il termine en faisant référence aux sciences cognitives, aux notions de connaissance située, de l'intelligence distribuée, des connaissances procédurales et de la perception, pour montrer le rapport du corps à l'objet.  00:03:32
 The Notion of Verbalization and Material Cultures  Jean-Pierre Warnier draws our attention to the differences between French ethnology - based on the verbalization of concepts - and the reality in the field. Jean-Warnier highlights the articulation between the verbalized and the non-verbalized, the roles of the conscious and unconscious in order to differentiate verbal culture from sensori-motricity and material cultures.  00:06:18
 The Globalization of Culture  Jean-Pierre Warnier presents the critical and active view point of an ethnologist in the field in relationship to the concept of a unified world culture. He states his disagreement regarding the notion of globalization and americanization of culture.  00:04:09
 Role of the Social and Human Sciences Today  Jean-Pierre Warnier addresses the notion of global body techniques in explaining that the techniques of control based on the body are today globalized. In this respect, he sues the example of migratory fluxes to show the trend of globalizing body systems. He then cites political scientists to highlight the importance of political analyses in making sense of policy. Jean-Pierre Warnier concludes by affirming the usefulness of ethnology, which he sees as being an innovative discipline that, according to him, is and will remain in constant evolution.  00:06:15




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African Society: A Look into Policy, Motricity Cultures, and Material Cultures, 24/06/2008 14:11:26







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