Retransmission sur la web radio de France Culture du colloque
"Les mythes et les contes ont-ils encore un sens ?"
Amantur JAPAROV : Prospects of nomadism in modern Kirghiz society
Amantur Japarov appreciates here the prospects of kyrgyz nomadism. "Kyrgyzstan, one of the former union republics, now goes through the difficult period of becoming an independent state. The modern kyrgyz society is a dynamical society, aspirated in the future, with a high educational level. The kyrgyz society tries to adapt to the new economic conditions which are not always given simply.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, system and an economic crisis have begun in Kyrgyzstan, as well as in all union republics. The general psychological break has especially affected the older generation. The resettlement of the countrymen to the cities was observed as well which resulted in misbalance. Thus, in the big cities as Bishkek and Îsh - a large density of the population as in other average cities because their weak economic development became unattractive for their population. Despite of it we hope that Kyrgyzstan will find the ways of positive development and this misbalance will be liquidated. Kyrgyzstan attempts not only to absorb all the positives for the development of a lawful state, but also to preserve its positive traditional features. The general reduction of cattle happened after the collapse of the union at the result of what only more than 2 millions of sheep could survive. At such crisis many people have to be reoriented, for example, took over agriculture. But some years later having realized invaluable wealth, which is represented by pasturable resources and the experience, stored by centuries in animal husbandry, these Kyrgyz began to return to their previous occupation. Therefore I think that the animal husbandry will remain one of the leading directions and accordingly the people who are engaged in this sphere, will have high economic status. In Kyrgyzstan there are also conditions for the development of tourism."
Extract from the folder :
Reading portfolio for a course on kyrgyz society in antropology graduate level
Reading list for a graduate level anthropology course
Social anthropology -- Ethnology -- Modern history -- History of peoples -- Social history -- Economic sociology --